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“ RDF is co-incinerated in cement production at the stage of clinker production and cement making. Rotary kilns play a predominant role here. The kiln is a cylindrical vessel, inclined slightly to the horizontal, which is rotated slowly about its axis.

Depending on the kind of process and facility used, a partial or full substitution of conventional fuel with RDF is achieved in a co-incineration process. Incineration technology and product requirements determine how large this share can be. Whereas industrial power stations substitute only up to 25% of their thermal production through the utilisation of RDF, this can be up to 60% in cement kilns.”

In Europe, sufficient experiences and technical knowledge have been collected for the production and application of RDF. However, to produce high quality RDF, it is important to have good quality waste in the first place. Co-incineration of RDF is a positive approach from a perspective of resource protection and climate change.

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